The legacy of Heirloom Seed Plants

Gardeners are discovering that a number of traditional fruits and vegetables seem to be going out of existence. Over 75% of the varieties of seeds which were available nearly 100 years back are not available these days. This failure of cultural and genetic supplies has become a quiet revolution for saving seeds and heirloom gardening.

Native Bees With A back Full of Pollen Climbing Out Of  A Squash Flower
Native Bees With A back Full of Pollen Climbing Out Of A Squash Flower

History of openly pollinated plants

In the past, most of the species in agriculture were open pollinated. Two plants that were identical genetically or similar in looks were pollinated simply through insects, animals or wind. As a result, the desired specimen of similar looking crossbreed was produced, the seeds of which used to be procured for use in the next season. Thus seeds were saved every year to allow the next generations to use them in the future.

Heirloom Bean Seeds
Heirloom Bean Seeds

Availability of seeds at present

In the last 50 years, that system has changed as the availability and distribution of these seeds is now controlled by multinational corporations and seed corporations, etc. The breeding of hybrid quality spices to produce sterile seeds has completely controlled the system, but the quality of the crop received from those seeds was not good.

Effect of seed breeding culture

Actually, some of the programs of breeding seed are known for growing food without nutritional value and flavor. The poor quality of the tomato crop is the right example of this seed breeding culture. In order to expend their shelf-life and to make their shipping easier, the rich and juicy flavor of the tomatoes has been sacrificed to leave fake and weak supermarket tomatoes with cardboard like flavor for us.

Evolution of seed saving organizations

Luckily, a lot of seed exchange networks and seed saving organizations were initiated in the 1970s to promote and save the resources of native American genetic plants as well as immigrant plants from all over the world. These seed-saving organizations also work as their suppliers. Most of these organizations claim to provide over 500 exclusive species of herbs, vegetables, grains, and fruits.

Raised bed Vegetable Garden
Raised Bed Vegetable Garden

Importance of heirloom gardening

Heirloom gardening can be one of the most important elements of the movement of waged workers. These gardens are developed with a variety of almost 50 years old seeds pollinated openly regardless of their size, garden in the backyard plots or in the large organic farms. Most of these heritage gardens might have developed in the early period of colonial civilization.

Importance of traditional seeds

The historical or traditional elements of some of the heirloom herbs and vegetables found by some of the gardeners were very tempting. In the beginning, for some people, they look attractive due to their good taste. Heirloom gardeners have shifted to surprising and unique colors, textures and flavors of the old varieties of fruits and vegetables along with providing richly flavored and familiar vegetables. They also allow knowing about the history of many global species of rare breeds.

Variety of heirloom species available today

The heirloom kitchen garden at present may include the late variety of premium flat cabbage of 1840s introduced by the immigrants from Germany, the variety of lettuce grown in 1700s in the colonial gardens, mixed varieties of century-old potatoes from the highlands of Andean and improved variety of long orange carrot brought in 1620s by the Dutch breeders. Cherokee Trail of Tears Beans, Czech Black Peppers, and Howling Moon Corn are some of the hot, ornamental and flavorful plants found in today’s heirloom gardens. They may also have one of two trees of sporting Wine apples, ball tomatoes brought from German Black Forest region and Moon and stars watermelons that look like a big yellow colored moon with small stars on its oblong crust of dark green color. They may also have the variety of hollow Crown Parsnips grown in the 1800s that can be used to make wine or marmalade.

They can also plant Ashwagandha, yucca, wormwood, and decorative wheat along with heirloom culinary and medicinal herbs and old-fashioned decorative flowers like sunflowers for making arrangements of dried flowers in the additional space in their heirloom garden.

Young Pumpkin Seedlings In Peat Pots
Young Pumpkin Seedlings In Peat Pots

Use of Heirloom seeds to develop a garden

Just reading the names of Heirloom seeds in the catalogs can be enough to encourage you to order them and grow in your garden. Actually, most of the seed catalogs are like old literature containing information about the seeds found in the barn of a polish uncle to the garage in suburban New York. Some of them may describe a good range of historical dialogues like the seeds of a snap bean, the Scarlet Runner bean, grown in the pre-revolutionary period by the colonists and collected by American natives. These plants were grown for their beans with nutty flavor in and before the 1800s. Though it is grown by contemporary Americans for its exceptional decorative value, in Great Britain, it is grown as the most popular bean of green color.

Garden Vegetables
Garden Vegetables

Reason to grow openly pollinated seeds

Another important aspect of growing openly pollinated varieties is saving seed like banking genetic seeds. Every gardener is helping, regardless of its size, in keeping the source of genetic seeds workable by planting these heirloom gardens. Some of the gardeners have taken an advance step by cultivating certain plants with an aim to save their seeds and sharing them with others in exchange. However, basically, anyone who saves seeds to be used in years to come can be appreciated. For instance, if this year you have grown delicious and productive variety of yellow potato onions of modest size then you can produce 3-8 times onions every year from which you can use, share and save to use as seed in future.

Package Of Garden Seeds
Package Of Garden Seeds

Where to get heirloom seeds?

Certainly, you need not start an heirloom garden to get these seeds. You can get seeds of heirloom fruits, vegetables and decorative plants like roses of old fashion from local garden centers. According to some of the popular county organizations like Behnke Nursery and American Plant Food Company, they can provide minimum 40-60 varieties of heirloom seeds for sale. You can know about their availability from other garden centers also. You can easily take the first step to develop your heirloom garden by buying seedlings as it can be a good option for you to take the next step of starting a large and attractive world of saving heirloom seeds.

Related References

Inviting toads to your yard and garden

Toad Found In Flower Pot
Toad Found In Flower Pot

Every year many homeowners use a lot of money on propane-powered mosquito traps, toxic chemicals or even pheromone lures to prevent the onslaught of crawling critters and creepy. But fortunately, there is a simple solution that is simple and easy to use.

What is this simple technique?

In this modern world of controlling pest naturally, one of the brightest players is the humble toad. Toads have a phenomenal desire for foods for pests and other invertebrates that squish in the night time, especially unwanted and rapacious animals such as slugs, gypsy moths, and tent caterpillars.

Actually, up to ninety percent of the toad’s diet is pests from the garden, such as sowbugs, earwigs (a.k.a.woodlice), crickets, millipedes, beetles, and predators like centipedes and spiders. Recent, U.S. Team of Agriculture survey estimated that certain adult toad might ingest more than10,000 pest in three months period.

With the possible exemption of Mr. Toad from Toad Hall in 1908, The Wind flow in the Willows, toads neglects to gain the esteem and understanding given to Kermit his kin – including strange popular ale spokes-frogs. Fables bring us reasonable maidens kissing frogs and freeing princes from bad spells; japan considers frogs all the best; the French consider them good eating. But toads are simply just shunned for concern with transmitting warts. Something must be done concerning this irrational Bufonophobia (toads participate in the genus Bufo).

In case you end up strolling through the natural area from spring to mid-summer or listen to a great deal of melodious trilling, you ‘ll accept the idea of the American toad. They already have too much to sing about.

Through the peak reproductive season, from March to July, feminine toads are briskly active in shallow swimming pools laying ropy strings and coils comprising up to 6,000 specific eggs. Immediately after, those eggs will hatch to produce ravenous.

Hoards of pollywogs tadpoles, they can eat larvae of mosquitos until they get onto land as adults.

While not all the large number of offspring from a large number of ponds will make it through, the amounts of toads moving about the region is actually amazing. With so many available, it is not too difficult to encourage some toads to take up home in your back garden, where they’ll immediately add your most troublesome pests with their cuisine.

To produce your own toad habitat, categorized as toad abodes, you will need to find a wet location on your premises. The shady area in your lawn, perhaps an all-natural major depression that remains soggy most of the time, provides the perfect set up for your toad hall. On the other hand, areas near a downspout or next to the dripping drain from an air conditioner provide a suitably moist environment.

Your toad abode itself permits plenty of creativity, particularly if starting this job with children. I love to recycle old or ruined terracotta pots into habitats. Often, much larger clay pots (nine inches or even more in diameter) left outdoors through the winter will crack in two. By merely turning each half on its aspect and somewhat burying it in the land to provide steadiness, you can create two independent abodes.

Toad in a Artsy Toad House
Toad in a Artsy Toad House

Other damaged or chipped pots can be altered by developing a two-inch-high “entrance” at the very top advantage of the container. Simply rating a semicircular section in the very best of the container and gently touches it out with a hammer. Invert the container, and toad hall is ready! Children can help with an amphibian appearance by decorating the completed container or potshard with bright non-toxic paints: perhaps depicting glass windows, bouquets, dance toads, helpful ladybugs, or other fanciful critters.

Buried Terracotta Flower Pot Toad House
Buried Terracotta Flower Pot Toad House

Make sure to line the within of the toad abode with a few handfuls of leaf litter or leaf mildew from the compost pile. These toads can hunker this fresh organic and natural blanket through the hottest days and nights of summer, developing to feast during the night. For gardeners ready to purchase upscale toad houses, you’ll find so many online sources for real wood, terracotta, and plastic material resin toad abodes.

Some symbolize toadstools with columned ways of entry, ruled over by the toad queen and ruler, while some represent barns or colorful cottages. Perhaps one of the costly appears like inverted clay flowerpot!

These toad options are generally fair-weather affairs, well suited for spring through show up. To encourage larger citizen toad populations, you might like to consider creating a winter palace. Because toads hibernate through the winter; they’ll desire a protected climate where to snooze away before world warms up and food becomes available.

The toad hibernaculum is made out of standard plastic or even clay drainage tile material; drain tube (4-inch diameter). You start with 12 to 14-inches section of pipe or tile, dig a shallow gap in your sheltered, wet garden site and bury the tube on 30-degree viewpoint, so that is only 5 inches at the very top exposed. The entryway has to be 2-3 inches high.

Fill up the bottom half the winter property with sand and fill up the rest with leaf mildew. The toad uses this habitat like any other abode during three conditions and can climb down under leaves and the sand to rest through the wintertime. You can even cover the top of hibernaculum with compost through the winter to provide additional insulation against extremely winter. Clear the top by March to permit both toad and abode to warm-up in the first spring sun.

One final take note: toads, like some of the most beneficial inhabitants in our yards and backyards, are very sensitive to pesticides and other fabricated chemicals. Your likelihood of appealing to toads to a house featuring only garden area, or which is cared for with backyard and garden chemicals, are really low. If you wish to encourage natural pest handlers, you’ll need to give up the pesticides. Small shallow garden ponds will also help attract toads. Mr. Toad thanks a lot you.

Related References

How To Create a Great Garden Culture?

Cabbage in Garden Patch
Cabbage in Garden Patch

Gardens are ecosystems like any other – but unlike other ecosystems, we as gardeners have the power to influence what happens within their borders. While all areas in the natural world can be shaped to a degree – it is our gardens where we have the greatest level of agency and control.

In our gardens, we can shape the natural environment and work with nature to meet our own needs and desires. The key to designing, creating and maintaining a successful and sustainable garden lies in understanding what we as gardeners can do to work with nature to achieve our goals. The tips below will help you to create a great garden culture – a holistic system that works for you and for all the plants and wildlife with which you share your space.

Promote Biodiversity in Your Garden

One of the biggest mistakes that can be made in a garden is attempting to grow mono-cultures. One of the main problems with large-scale food production is that too few crops are grown over too large an area. Growing only one type of plant en masse can lead to all sorts of problems. Not only are mono-cultures more likely to succumb to pests and disease, but they are also less resilient to changing weather patterns and can cause a degradation of the overall ecosystem.

The same that is true of large-scale agriculture is also true in a garden. Organic gardeners have discovered the benefits of creating polycultures (cultures with a diverse range of plants). By growing a wide range of species, organic gardeners can reduce the likelihood of disaster and improve the resilience of their growing areas. Interplanting various different plants can increase the range of beneficial interactions between them, as well as making it easier to garden organically. Of course, having more plant species can also help to attract a wider range of beneficial wildlife.

To promote biodiversity, interplanting (creating polycultures) is crucial. Annual food crops can be interplanted with other secondary crops of herbs, other vegetables or flowers, while perennial planting schemes form ‘guilds’ of plants which help one another in a wide range of different ways. Companion plants may:

  • Provide shade for other plants.
  • Provide ground cover around plants which reduces moisture loss from the surrounding soil.
  • Dynamically gather nutrients (nitrogen from the air, or nutrients from far below the soil surface) which can be taken up by neighboring
  • Attract pollinators (such as bees and other insects) that allow pollination to occur and fruits to set.
  • Attract predatory insects or other animals such as birds or mammals which eat pest species and keep an ecosystem in balance.
  • Serve as ‘trap’ crops to attract pests that would otherwise damage or destroy more valuable crops.

As well as concentrating on creating a biodiverse planting scheme, organic gardeners can also take other measures to improve the biodiversity (and resilience) of their gardens. For example, gardeners can:

  • Create a wide range of different habitats – g., wild corners, brush piles, meadow, woodland/forest areas, a garden pond, etc.
  • Provide food for birds during winter/ periods of scarcity.
  • Provide ‘housing’ for bees, bugs, birds, bats and other beneficial garden creatures.

Squash Bugs On Melon Vine
Squash Bugs On Melon Vine

Control Pests and Disease

Creating a biodiverse garden is the number one way to control pests and mitigate the effects of the disease. The more biodiverse a culture is, the more harmony will be found within the system. This means that pest species are far less likely to get out of control. There will be no need for harmful chemicals to control pests when the wildlife can do a lot of the job for you.

Of course, there are also other things that you can do to control pests and disease in your garden. Maintaining a great garden culture involves understanding the mechanisms by which pests and disease will spread and doing what you can to reduce the risk of these problems occurring too often in your growing areas.

Good plant hygiene, tidiness and an orderly approach can help to stop things getting out of control. For example, gardeners should:

  • Avoid growing certain annual crops in the same growing area year after year. A good system of crop rotation for plants in the tomato family, brassicas, alliums and legumes can help keep the disease at bay and keep things running smoothly.
  • Keep on top of weeds to avoid excessive crowding or competition. (Weed little and often in main growing areas – though remember some weeds can be useful to the garden as a whole.)
  • Keep paths, greenhouses, polytunnels and garden furniture clean and clear of debris.
  • Avoid spreading disease from one area of the garden to another or from one season to the next on garden tools, pots or containers, gardening equipment or through compost.
  • Only incorporate plants into your garden that come from a trusted source and not damaging biosecurity by importing non-native plants or species, or items that may have come from an infected site.
  • Promptly remove all plants in your main vegetable garden that are past peak-production or have come to the end of their useful life, so the disease cannot fester and the area can be used for successional crops.

If you do have an outbreak of pests or disease in your garden you should:

  • Treat pests/disease organically where this is possible.
  • Where plants will not recover, remove all damaged or diseased materials as soon as possible and dispose of them well away from other crops. (Burning items where necessary and making sure they don’t end up contaminating your growing areas or composting area.)
  • Thoroughly clean all garden tools, gloves, etc. that have come into contact with the diseased
  • Wash hands, pots, etc. thoroughly before using them for any other jobs around the garden.
  • Look for ways to promote better harmony/ greater biodiversity in your garden culture in the future.

Feed And  Protect the Soil in Your Garden

Promoting biodiversity and taking measures to reduce the incidence or spread of pests and disease will go a long way towards creating a great garden culture. But there is one more vital element that will ensure that you can keep your garden culture sustainable over the years to come: care for the soil. No matter how well you tend your garden in other ways, if you do not care for the soil – production and appearance will soon begin to suffer.

In an organic garden culture, feeding and protecting the soil should always be a number one priority. As mentioned above, crop rotation is one of the important ways to make sure your garden thrives. As well as reducing the incidence of pests and disease, moving annual crops from one growing area to another on a rotational basis each year will also help to ensure that the soil retains a good balance of nutrients. For example, legumes planted the year after brassicas or other leafy plants will help to replace the nitrogen in the soil.

Other methods that should be used to protect garden soil include:

  • Adoption of a ‘no-dig’ approach
    • A no-dig garden is one in which the soil is disturbed as little as possible. This allows the soil’s complex web of biota to function as it should. Bacteria and fungi and larger soil creatures such as earthworms all, serve important functions in the soil web. No dig gardening allows these creatures to flourish – to the benefit of the plants and, ultimately, the gardener.
  • The use of organic mulches
    • In a no dig garden, rather than digging compost/ manure or other amendments into the soil, the gardener simply leaves these materials on the soil surface as an organic mulch. It has been shown that this material is naturally incorporated into the topsoil below without the agency of a spade. Using compost, fall leaves, grass clippings, comfrey leaves, seaweed, straw, bark or other materials to cover the ground around cultivated areas helps to complete the natural cycles and return nutrients into the system. Choosing the right mulch materials for the right situation can help the garden culture to remain healthy and even to be improved over time.
  • The use of green manures to protect and enrich the soil
    • ‘Green manures’ are simply cover crops that protect the soil surface from erosion and degradation. Nature abhors bare soil in most situations and leaving soil bare for too long means causing damage to the fragile topsoil ecosystem. Cover crops create a ‘green carpet’ over an area to make sure the area of soil is preserved. Green manures are cover crops which have been chosen to not only protect but also to enrich the soil. These are cover crops which are chopped and dropped to return the nutrients to the topsoil system. Like other organic mulches, these ‘green manures’ can form an important part of an organic garden system.

The above should help organic gardeners to plan and implement their garden cultures in a way that will ensure that the culture is not only great, but also sustainable, and can continue to provide food and other resources for them and their families for years to come.

Related References

Mosquito Control for the Yard And Garden

Mosquito Control for the Yard And Garden
Mosquito

With spring around the corner, perhaps, it’s a good time to discuss those pesky mosquitoes would seem to pop up each spring.

Mosquitoes Travel

No matter how many approaches you take to control mosquitoes in your yard and garden, you need to understand the mosquitoes travel. Since mosquitoes fly, it seems fairly obvious, but some treatment strategies don’t take into account the fact that they will not be a one and done.  So, in addition to the chemical and biological hazards of mosquito control products, there is the cost of needing to have repeated applications.

Prevention Is Worth A Pound Of A Cure

The best time to control mosquitoes is before they hatch. This can be done by eliminating habitat in which mosquitoes can read and hatch. This means eliminating and/or restricting the opportunity for mosquitoes to find small pools of water in and around your yard and garden in which to lay their eggs and hatch. Here are a few approaches which can assist you greatly in reducing the number of mosquitoes in your backyard.

Eliminate Opportunities To Collect Standing Water

  • Standing can happen any number of places, including inside garden containers, pet dishes, trash, debris, toys, and long-standing pools or puddle of water.

Keep A Well-Groomed Yard

  • Grass that isn’t mowed regularly can be filled with mosquitos and other unfriendly insects.
  • The same goes for overgrown trees, bushes, and shrubbery.  Keeping trees, bushes, and shrubbery well pruned and appropriately spaced not long provides less habitat for mosquitoes, it allows air and wind to flow through and move the mosquitoes along.  Being well pruned and appropriately spaced has the added benefit of allowing for walking trails and improved plant health.

Electric Bug Zappers

  • Placing electric bug zappers with or without chemical attractants can help reduce the volume of mosquitoes in and around your common gathering places.  However, they should not be placed too near, or you may well attract more than you kill.  This is especially true when using chemical attractants.

Yard And Garden Sprays And Foggers

  • Commerical or homemade garden sprays can be helpful but must be used with care.  Not only can they be bad for the environment and beneficial insects, but they can also be harmful to people and pets in the form of allergies, asthma attacks, and long-term exposure effects.  This is true whether they are organic, homemade, or commercial chemicals.
  • Some type of spays and foggers are less toxic than the standard yard sprays and foggers.  For example, some insecticides are specifically designed for use in vegetable gardens and therefore are generally less toxic. Also, dog flea and tick shampoos, which can be purchased in bulk, are less toxic, as well, and with the addition of some unscented dish soap can last nearly as long as other insecticides.

Garden Pests – Cucumber Beetle (striped, Spotted, And Banded)

 Spotted Cucumber Beetle (Diabrotica undecimpunctata) 
Spotted Cucumber Beetle (Diabrotica undecimpunctata)

Having already seen these unhelpful critters in my garden this year, it is time to pull out the gardener’s arsenal early before they and go on the attack.

Scientific Name

  • Spotted Cucumber Beetle (Diabrotica undecimpunctata)
  • Striped Cucumber Beetle (Acalymma vittatum)
  • Banded Cucumber Beetle (Diabrotica balteata LeConte)

Garden Plants Affected By Colorado Potato Beetle

  • Cucumbers
  • Squash (Summer and Winter)
  • Melons
  • Pumpkins

How to Control Colorado Potato Beetles

  • Spray or dust with garden safe pesticide when beetles appear, and weekly, as necessary
  • Use yellow sticky traps.  Cucumber beetles are attracted to the color yellow and can be captured with traps.

Garden Pests – Colorado Potato Beetle

Colorado potato beetle eating potato leaf
Colorado potato beetle eating potato leaf

Common Names For Colorado Potato Beetle

  • Colorado Potato Beetle
  • Mexican Bean Beetle
  • Bean Leaf Beetle

Scientific Name

  • Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say)

Garden Plants Affected By Colorado Potato Beetle

  • Beans
  • Peppers
  • Eggplants

How to Control Colorado Potato Beetles

  • Spray or dust with garden safe pesticide when beetles appear, and weekly, as necessary
  • Use yellow sticky traps.  Adult Potato beetles are attracted to the color yellow and can be captured with traps.
  • For eggplant start plant indoors and transplant as large seedlings.
  • Companion planting with Tomatillos

Note

  • Young eggplants are vulnerable to potato beetle attack.  Look for damage when the first leaves unfold

Related References

How To Grow And Harvest Cucumber

Cuсumbеr is one рlаnt vаrіеtу thаt іѕ оftеn grоwn bесаuѕе іt has ѕо mаnу uses. It іѕ uѕеd tо mаkе pickles, of соurѕе, and a cucumber іѕ thе tурісаl vegetable to bе used іn ѕаlаds.  Sіnсе the сuсumbеrѕ are fаѕt growing рlаntѕ, уоu can sow thе ѕееdѕ dіrесtlу іn уоur gаrdеn, durіng ѕрrіng. Planting ѕееdѕ dіrесtlу in thе garden mаkеѕ it very еаѕу bесаuѕе you do not have tо worry аbоut lооkіng аftеr thе сuсumbеr ѕееdlіng оr gоіng thrоugh thе stress of transplanting.

Cucumbers are part of the gourd family. The cucumber is a creeping vine originally from India but is now grown on most continents. Cucumbers are relatively easy to grow outside in the garden, although they do tend to produce quite thick skins when grown outdoors. Cucumber seeds like a warm climate to germinate successfully, so, it is worth placing them on a kitchen towel or a wet piece of cloth for a few days before you sow them. Indoors, cucumbers can be grown in pots or grow bags.

Choosing the Correct Cucumber for Your garden

Cuсumbеr is оnе оf thе vеgеtаblеѕ that grоwѕ very fast and are vеrу easy to grow from seed. There are many varieties of cucumber, so before you raid the locate garden store for seed, order from a catalog, or go online to purchase your cucumber plants or seed, think about how you and your family will most likely use the cucumber.  Not all cucumbers are equal, for example, pickling cucumber doesn’t make the best salads and slicing cucumbers don’t make the best pickles.

Types of cucumber

Passandra : Cucumber ‘Passandra’ is an all-female indoor cucumber and highly recommended as a heavy cropper. It produces lots of medium sized slightly ribbed, cylindrical and dark green fruits of 15-18cm long. ‘

Burpless Tasty Green’: Burpless Tasty Green’ is both easy to grow and (as its name suggests) easy on the stomach! It is a very prolific variety, producing tender-skinned, crisp and tasty cucumbers with no bitterness. This variety is also resistant to mildew and high summer temperatures. It grows to about 6ft in height.

Euphya: Cucumber ‘Euphya’ is another prolific, all-female variety, with good disease resistance. It produces straight cucumbers with a delicious taste. It is a hardier variety that will tolerate cooler conditions and can even be grown outside when it is placed in a sunny, sheltered position.

Ilas : Cucumber ‘Ilas’ is a mini variety that is just perfect for those who maybe want to grow cucumbers but don’t eat a lot of them. It is a heavy cropper producing crunchy mini cucumbers. It also has high mildew resistance.

Choosing the best cucumber to grow

Whether you are growing for a gourmet chef or a farmers market, choose a cucumber type that will stand up to the post-harvest procedures.

Cucumbers are a favorite item to grow for processing facilities and the fresh vegetable market. The most of cucumbers for the bigger market are grown in the open like other fields crops. However, many parthenocarpic types, such as the Sweet Success Hybrid and the slicers Diva — which can be planted in greenhouses without the help of pollination are introduced in the fresh market. Majority of the greenhouse types are grown on vertical trellises to improve yield and to save space.

When choosing cucumber, the overall appearance is essential as it affects the demand for cucumbers and shelf life. Always cut cucumber from the vine instead of tearing or pulling them. “Pulled end” is the quality defect needed when determining the grade of cucumber. Slicing and Table cucumbers are mainly based on “firmness, dark green skin color and uniform shape.” Most grades are Extra 1, Fancy, No. 1, No. 1 Large, No. 2 and No. 1 small.

Which cucumber types are best for hot weather areas?

Similarly, some varieties of cucumber have a low tolerance to heat and disease. Several cucumber types have been developed that thrive in the hot areas so that you can grow even during the hottest season like summer. Here are the best for hot weather areas:

Olympic

Olympic hybrid cucumbers love soil temperatures of between 65 and 90 degrees F. They produce a firm cucumber which grows to 10 inches long. In case you live in a moist climate, a hot you will discover that this type has a  tolerance for downy mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, leaf spot, and powdery mildew.

Dasher II

Dasher II cucumber produces dark green vegetable. It is popular in hot environments, where it shows dependable production. It grows up to a foot long within two months. Other varieties that can grow in hot areas are thunder, beit alpha, eureka, space master cucumber.

Which cucumbers are best to use for salads or pickles?

Whether you are looking for a fresh salad or you want to make pickles, it useful to have homegrown cucumber. Growing cucumbers in the garden are simple when you plant in the right place and water cucumber plant enough amount of water.

  • The striped Armenian cucumbers: These are a prized type for salads or pickles
  • Suyo Long: Suyo Long can grow up to 16 inches of burp less tenderness.
  • Lemon cucumbers: these are round and yellow. Lemon cucumbers have delicate skin and light flavor
  • Sumter: This is a disease-resistant cucumber that does well in various climates.

Many of these varieties are seedless, and some types have thorns! Many of these varieties are rarely or never available in mainstream supermarkets, and can only be found at small, local farm stands or farmer’s markets.

Cucumbers should be regularly watered and fed with a liquid fertilizer. To get the best flavor it is best to harvest cucumbers when they are young. If you let the fruits mature fully and turn on the plant, this will stop flowering.

Sоіl Preparation

Aѕ уоu аrе gеttіng rеаdу tо learn how tо grоw сuсumbеrѕ іn уоur gаrdеn, іt’ѕ best tо prepare thе ѕоіl about a mоnth ahead оf planting thеm. Thеу lіkе rісh, fеrtіlе ѕоіl tо grow wеll аnd yield bеttеr. You саn еnrісh your gаrdеn soil wіth соmроѕt оr organic manure ѕо that the cucumber рlаnt gеtѕ the kіnd of nutrіеntѕ thаt іѕ required tо grоw wеll. Cuсumbеrѕ are not gооd at competing for ѕрасе and nutrients. Remove wееdѕ аnd ѕраdе in a rісh оrgаnіс material. Rеmеmbеr, сuсumbеrѕ are vіnе сrорѕ, so іt’ѕ bеѕt tо grоw thеm оn a trеllіѕ tо kеер them up оff thе grоund. If уоu plan аhеаd, уоu’ll hаvе plenty оf tіmе to do thіѕ. Mаkе ѕurе уоu buу уоur dеѕіrеd vаrіеtу of сuсumbеr ѕееdѕ frоm a lосаl nursery ѕtоrе.

Sіnсе сuсumbеrѕ аrе subtropical vіnеѕ thаt рrеfеr thе sunny dауѕ and bаlmу nіghtѕ of summertime. Thеу cannot wіthѕtаnd еxtrеmе hеаt оr cold weather fоr them to grow wеll. Cuсumbеrѕ nееd wаrm weather fоr рlаntіng. Cuсumbеr seeds need аbоut 80F tеmреrаturе to gеrmіnаtе, but thеn will dо ѕо in fоur to fіvе dауѕ. Cuсumbеrѕ саn bе grоwn аnуwhеrе from full ѕun tо раrt ѕhаdе. Thе mоrе sun thеу get, the bеttеr thеу wіll рrоduсе. Onсе established, іn addition tо kееріng the fruіt cleaner, a lауеr of mulсh іn уоur сuсumbеr раtсh mіnіmіzеѕ wееd growth аnd helps your ѕоіl retain mоіѕturе.

Whеn you want to рlаnt the seeds іn уоur gаrdеn soil, іt іѕ necessary tо еnѕurе that thе ѕоіl is wеll-drаіnеd аnd that thе bеdѕ аrе raised to about 6 іnсhеѕ in hеіght. Thе kіnd оf ѕоіl thаt сuсumbеrѕ nееd іѕ lоаmу ѕоіl. Althоugh сuсumbеrѕ hate wеt fееt and wоn’t grоw in ѕtаndіng water, thе more mоіѕturе thеу саn аbѕоrb thе juісіеr аnd ѕwееtеr thеу wіll bе.

Fоllоw соrrесt рlаntіng methods

Once the weather has warmed to 65o to 90o F, plant уоur сuсumbеr in hills, small clusters spaced about 3 to 4 feet apart,  planting  4 to 6 seeds, spaced аbоut 1-inch араrt, аnd аbоut 1/2″ dеер. Yоu саn either make a hоlе in thе ѕоіl then drор thе ѕееdѕ іntо it оr you рlасе the ѕееdѕ on top оf the ѕоіl аnd gеntlу press thеm іn.

Yоu саn аlѕо ѕtаrt bу planting cucumber іn a роt thаt hаѕ a bottom wіth hоlеѕ so thаt wаtеr drаіnѕ оut wеll and made of a material, which can be planted directly in the ground, such as repurposed newspapers. This way you do not harm the roots and stress or kill your seedlings. Plant 2 or 3 seedlings per hill.

Add juѕt еnоugh wаtеr tо еnѕurе thе soil is mоіѕt. Until the seeds germinate in about 4 to 13 days or your seedlings, have had a week to ten days to settle in.  Then a deep watering every three or four days should be enough if the weather is not too hot and dry.  Be sure to account for heavy rainfall and skip watering, if heavy rain has happened on or near when you would have watered next.  To know if you need to water again or not, you can test the soil with your finger. Gently poke your finger in the ground 6 to 8 inches away from the plant base, and if the ground feels cool and slightly damp, you are good to go.

 Pеѕtѕ, Wееd аnd Dіѕеаѕеѕ Control

Cuсumbеrѕ are еаѕіlу affected bу various dіѕеаѕеѕ and can fаll рrеу tо реѕtѕ аnd іnѕесtѕ, ѕо it іѕ necessary tо kеер a cautious еуе оn thеm аnd guаrd your сuсumbеrѕ frоm insects such аѕ bееtlеѕ, squash bugѕ, and squash vіnе bоrеrѕ ѕо that thеу аrе unаffесtеd аnd that thеу соntіnuе tо grow wеll. Thаt іѕ whу it is a good idea tо рlасе a trеllіѕ fоr уоur vіnеѕ tо climb during development. Thіѕ wау thеу аrе off the grоund, рrесludіng thе introduction of soil bоrnе disease аnd insects.

When to harvest Cucumbers

About 60 tо 70 dауѕ аftеr planting, уоur сuсumbеr wіll rеасh a ѕіzе whеrе thеу would generally bе hаrvеѕtеd. The best time tо hаrvеѕt іѕ whеn thе сuсumbеr skin іѕ dark grееn іn соlоr and small enough not to be over seedy. At this роіnt, уоu саn rеmоvе the сuсumbеr by twіѕtіng іt from thе рlаnt оr bу just сuttіng off thе сuсumbеr from the vine with a pair оf ѕсіѕѕоrѕ. This рrеvеntѕ dаmаgіng thе plant аnd makes for еаѕе of hаrvеѕtіng. Hаrvеѕt сuсumbеrѕ аt whatever ѕіzе уоu lіkе, as lоng as уоu don’t wаіt fоr thеm tо turn уеllоw (unlеѕѕ thеу аrе a уеllоw variety). Onсе thеу begin tо turn yellow, thеу’rе раѕt their рrіmе. Flavor turnѕ bіttеr аnd thе fruit bеgіnѕ to drу оut.

Conclusion

Now уоu see, cucumbers аrе еаѕу аnd fun tо grоw. Thеіr crisp, juicy fruіt аddѕ crunch tо ѕаlаdѕ аnd саn bе еаtеn rаw fоr a refreshing treat. Wіth care, уоur сuсumbеr hаrvеѕt can bе a nutrіtіоuѕ аddіtіоn tо уоur fаmіlу dіеt.

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