With the cooler weather of fall upon us, it is time to
conder moving our gardening efforts indoors, which make growing microgreens an
But what to grow as microgreens?
Considering most garden vegetables and herbs can be grown as
Microgreens, the options are many. So, which microgreens to grow for your
family depends on what your family eats regularly, and Your family’s taste preferences.
Most Common Types oF Microgreens
The broad type of microgreens (listed below in family
groups) Should provide the basics of what
kind of taste the microgreens will have, and the growing conditions the type of
The Amaranthaceae family includes amaranth,
beets, chard, quinoa, and spinach.
Amaryllidaceae family includes chives, garlic,
leeks, and onions.
The Apiaceae family includes carrot, celery,
dill, cilantro, and fennel.
The Asteraceae family includes chicory, endive,
lettuce, and radicchio.
The Brassicaceae family includes arugula,
broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, radish, and watercress.
The Cucurbitaceae family includes
cucumbers, melons, pumpkins, and squashes.
The Lamiaceae family includes the most common
herbs like mint, basil, rosemary, sage, and oregano.
The Poaceae family includes grasses and cereals
like barley, corn, rice, oats, and wheatgrass.
The Poaceae family also includes in legumes,
including beans, chickpeas, and lentils.
Perennial herbs are an
excellent choice for your garden. Perennial herbs continue to grow and provide
fresh herbs for your kitchen for many years if given a little care.
You can prepare a mouthwatering recipe by using Perennial herbs. Perennial herbs are good for your health, and you can also use them to make salads, stews, and soups.
Perennial herbs can be
grown at ease, and the best part is that you can harvest them at any time of
the year. Some of the most commonly used perennial culinary herbs are:
Mint is recognized to be
one of the well renowned perennial culinary herbs which are used for cooking on
an extensive scale. Though it is lemony or bit-peppery in its raw form, mint leaves
a cool after taste.
Mints have slightly dented, pointy, oval, and bright green leaves along with the sturdy stem. Mint is used for cooking on an extensively in Middle-Eastern and North African recipes.
This herb emanates a
refreshing smell. The intense flavor of this herb makes it the best option to
cook fish sauces, peas, lamb, vegetables, and chocolate. You can also use mint
to prepare tea and other beverages. The most popular varieties of mint which
are used for cooking include spearmint, good old peppermint, and apple mint.
It is another popular
favorable herb that can be used for cooking vegetables, meat, and poultry. In
addition to this, you can also use it with apricots, garlic, roasted potatoes,
and roasted chicken. You are going to love this plant for its delightful scent.
They are used on an
extensive scale in different types of floral arrangements. The intense flavor
of this herb contributes to being one of the prominent reasons why this herb is
used for cooking across the globe. It has needle leaves along with hard woody stems.
This is another worth
mentioning name in the list of perennial culinary herbs, which is used for the
preparation of Balkan and Italian dishes. You can fry it with light batter for
preparing pork, sausages, and bacon.
You can also make the best
use of this herb for preparing fresh stuffed pasta, butter, rabbits, eggs, to
name a few. Furthermore, you can use this aromatic herb for making sauces,
seasoning meats, and vegetables. Sage in its dried form emits strong flavor.
This herb has earned a
high reputation for its fresh aroma and amazing delicate flavor. The leaves of
this plant are soft and light. It is used for the preparation of Eastern and
Northern cuisines. Dill is an ideal choice for cucumbers, green soups, salmon,
beetroot, cream, pickles, and other recipes. Dill can also be used to season peas,
potatoes, lamb, and fish.
This perennial herb is primarily grown in the warm climate of Mediterranean and Eurasia. Also referred to as the wild aroma, it is used to flavor a plethora of American and Italian dishes. Oregano is commonly used in the preparation of Turkish, Grek, and Mediterranean dishes. Oregano, also, goes well with olive oil, tomatoes, lamb, pizza, yogurt, and kebabs.
Spring is the ideal
season for growing this herb. This delicious herb comes with a lovely smell,
and you can use it for different purposes in your kitchen.
It is recognized to be
the perfect herb for the preparation of cold and warm dishes. You can use winter
savory to make tasty teas. winter savory is useful in adding an aromatic flavor
to a plethora of recipes.
Besides this, it boasts
of a bunch of anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. The intense flavor of
this spicy herb makes it an ideal choice for the preparation of poultry, beans,
and fish. You can also use it for garnishing the salad and flavoring the
This perennial herb
comprises of medicinal properties, and it is regarded as an ideal option for
the kitchen. You can use lemon balm to garnish meals. It can also be used for
the preparation of teas and other beverages.
This perennial herb
produces a variety of purple flowers which add to the beauty of the garden. It
is used for the preparation of dressings and salad. It offers a bit of sweet
flavor to a plethora of dishes.
The dried lavender buds
and lavender syrup make it the ideal choice for the preparation of Lavender
marshmallows and scones. This herb also consists of different health benefits,
which make it the prime choice for cooking.
The perennial herb tyme
can found in most kitchens. Tyme is known to have a pungent, earthy, and lemony
smell. tyme is used widely in Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries recipes.
Tyme can be used in barbecue
meats, eggplants, mushrooms, chicken, roasted vegetables such as tomatoes, bell
peppers, zucchini, and goat cheese. You can also add this herb for preparing
stews and soups.
herbs are regarded as the best option for the preparation of different
cuisines. They are used primarily after drying, and their flavor and aroma
enhance the taste.
The best thing about
these perennial herbs is that perennial herbs can easily be grown in pots, in
your yard or in your garden. All you need is an adequate amount of water, right
exposure to light, and care and you are good to go.
Seed tapes are products designed
with seeds perfectly attached between narrow strips of biodegradable tissue
layers, which are ready for planting in both the garden and house. They are
ideal for sowing in containers, large empty garden plots, as well as fill-ins
in tighter areas.
The seeds are applied at the correct
distance along the tapes to reduce overcrowding of newly germinated seedlings.
The tapes can consist of a single variety, custom mixtures, and multiple
species of seeds. You can find products with flower, vegetable, and herb seeds
embedded into them.
What are the
Advantages of Seed Tapes?
Provide an easy and efficient way to
plant tiny seeds quickly.
Seeds are planted at the same depth
allowing for a more uniform germination rate.
Seed tapes enable you to space
plants evenly and eliminate seed wastage. This helps avoid overcrowding that
may call for thinning of young seedlings, which is a tedious and time-consuming
Less thinning also means less
disturbance to the root of plants left in your garden. Otherwise, you risk
delaying or inhibiting the growth and even performance of the plants.
Prevents birds from eating the fresh
seeds that you sow.
Makes the sowed seeds less
susceptible to wash away in a downpour and ruining the evenly spaced rows.
Almost all the seed tape products
are biodegradable and considered to be environmental-friendly.
Very convenient for senior
gardeners, particularly those suffering from arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome,
or other mobility complications.
What are the types
of Seed tapes?
Seed tapes are one of the most
common types, which are ideal for growing most vegetable seed varieties,
salads, as well as flower seeds. They are usually available in different
lengths, especially between one to six meters. However, it is possible to have
the garden vegetable seed tapes produced in specific lengths to suit your
unique gardening needs. Also, the seed tapes can come as a single track
containing one variety of seeds or multiple tracks with different seed
Seed discs are designed in different
sizes. You’ll find smaller and larger seed discs. With smaller seed discs, the
diameter often ranges from 8cm to 12 cm, a size that easily fits most typical
flowerpots. They are perfectly suited for sowing herbs indoor, such as in the
kitchen or windowsills.
The larger discs, on the other hand,
range from 14cm to 46cm in diameter. You can use them for sowing seeds in
outdoor pots, as well as hanging containers or baskets.
If you want to sow seeds in big
planters, garden borders or window boxes, then seeds mats are a great option.
With seed mats, you can easily produce a great color display of stunning
bedding plants. Well, good examples of such plants include marigolds and pansies.
The size of seed mats vary. Often
than not, you’ll find mats available in the size of a small business card and
up to 100cm in length.
Seeds carpets are suitable for
planting salads, mixed vegetables, and wildflower fusions in large borders or
other large garden areas. They are simply ready-made “mini-gardens” or
“allotments,” which are usually one meter or larger in length.
How to Use Seed
It’s an incredibly easy process.
First off, you’ll need to prepare the soil for planting, just like you would
with any new seedbed. Once you have a weed-free garden bed, it’s often
recommended to follow the guidelines on the package of the seed tapes, discs,
carpets, or mats.
In most cases though, you’ll be
required to place the seed tapes in a straight line on the soil using the
proper rowing space. After that, gently cover it with the top layer soil and
then water the area. However, you should avoid prolonged watering after sowing.
If the soil has not been moistened
by Mother Nature, consider watering it several hours before sowing. But don’t
make the garden bed sopping wet.
Where to buy Seed
You can find the different types of
seed tapes we’ve discussed above at most local garden centers or nurseries, DIY
stores, and grocery stores. Alternatively, you can just buy from reputable online
Coriander is easy to grow and is best used fresh, and therefore is a very
good choice for growing your
own kitchen herbs. Especially if you like cooking, Asian or Latin food. Coriander
finds several uses because both the leaves and seeds are used as food. The
leaves of coriander are, called cilantro, can be chopped and used for garnishing
or used while cooking in a variety of dishes including, rice, soups, salsa, and
To grow coriander,
you need to provide the plant with a lot
of sunshine as is the case usually when growing kitchen herbs though when the
sun is at its peak; it prefers some shade.
If the plant is not cared for well, it very
often does not grow rich foliage and instead of
flowers and produces seeds. So, if you are growing coriander for its leaves, you should keep the conditions right for
Coriander can be
grown directly from its seeds by sowing them in the soil.
Cilantro is really easy to grow, fast growing, and does not require a lot of
Cilantro was one of the first herbs/spices grown by the early colonists in
America. Growing a few feet of Cilantro in the Spring, and areas with milder
winters as a fall and winter crop will provide plenty to eat, dry for later use
and/or to let go to seed in hot weather to use as Coriander spice.
When to plant cilantro
depends on the general climate condition in which you live and the specific
average hardiness frost dates. The
general strategies vary somewhat
depending upon whether you live in northern or southern regions of the United
Plant cilantro a two or three weeks before the last frost. To have a
steady harvest throughout the summer, plant cilantro every couple of weeks
until late autumn.
Plant in the beginning in early autumn to have a winter (until a killing frost sets in) and two or three weeks before the last frost for spring harvest.
Cilantro takes about 30 to 40 days from planting to harvest as green herbs
and 40 to 50 days for the seeds to be ready for harvesting as coriander.
Bush beans are grown in gardens, commercial as well as
domestic, since a long time as long as humans have started gardening. The main
reason for growing bush beans in domestic gardens is that this wonderful food
can be used as a good source of protein as well as green vegetable. The
information provided in this write-up will help you to know how to grow bush
beans in your garden.
Advantages and disadvantages of growing
Growing bush beans in your garden may have some advantages
and disadvantages like:
Generally, bush beans are easier to grow as they require less maintenance
Bush beans are self-supporting and space saving as they rarely grow more than exceed 24” in height
Bush beans will provide crop in bulk after a period of three to four weeks
Bush beans are popular more among those who can or freeze their beans
Bush beans can be grown as green manure
They do not grow well if planted at the same
location every year
You will have to change its location every time
you grow them
Continuous picking can increase its yield to some
extent but less than other varieties including pole beans
Planting Bush Beans
Normally beans including bush beans can be sown directly in
the garden as well as indoor. Small bean plants sown indoor can be transplanted
to the garden later on. The seeds of bush beans can be sown indoors from 10-24
days before planting them in the garden. They should be sowed in moderately hot
weather temperature. If you want to sow their seeds directly in the garden,
then they should be sowed in 3 feet apart rows and nearly one inch deep in the
When the seeds are sown indoor then well, grown-up seedlings
can be planted in the garden in single or multiple wide rows. The distance
between plants should be almost 4 to 6 inches. Densely sown seeds can also be
thinned by transplanting them in the garden at a distance of nearly 4-6 inches
away from each other. If you do not have space in the garden, then you can also
cut some of the seedlings with scissors, without disturbing their roots, to
thin the plantation of bush beans.
The grown-up seedlings of bush beans can be transplanted
into the garden when the temperature of the soil is sufficiently warm to
encourage their growth at an outside location. The late spring can be the right
time to transplant seedlings of bush beans.
If you want to harvest the crop of bush beans for a longer
time, then you should grow them in succession. Usually, bush beans start
producing all at once. So to get them for a longer time you should plant them
after every 2 weeks. It is known as Succession Planting of bush beans.
Insect and Pest Control
After planting bush beans, the first few weeks are very
crucial to ensure the productivity and survival of their plants. Some time
seeds of bush beans do not germinate due to various reasons including the
coldness of soil, too deep sowing of seeds, seeds are old or damaged by pests,
etc. In such condition you will have to observe the plants frequently, at least
2-3 times in a week, to find the signs of pests and insects as well as
The problem of insects and pests can be controlled without
affecting the quality of the crop by rotting their plants if you grow these
plants every year. Insects are more attracted to weak plants whereas healthy plants
can tolerate the damage caused by the pests. You can also control the infestation
of the insects and pests in your bush bean plants by inspecting them regularly
and focusing on the damages caused by them like leaves damaged by
insect-eating, discoloration of leaves, markings on fruit surface or dying-back
tips of plants. You can easily prevent any damage to the quality of the fruit
as well as the health of the plant by controlling the problem of pests and
insect before they harm your plants or fruits.
Controlling Diseases and Problems
The yield of your bush bean plants can also be affected by
various types of plant diseases. You can easily control the problems caused by
Sowing certified and free-from-disease seeds,
Planting the seedlings in well-drained soil in enough light.
Avoid splashing water on the foliage and
avoid overhead watering
Avoiding overcrowding plantation
Digging out dying or diseased plants and
cleaning up the debris
Investigating the problems experienced by weak
Avoiding planting or transplanting bush bean
seedlings in infected areas
When Are Bush Beans Ready To Harvest Ripe?
As green beans:
Green beans of bush beans can be ready to harvest within 50
– 55 days of planting them. The time of maturity of the beans can depend upon
the variety of seeds you have sown.
As dry beans
Dry beans or bush beans can be harvested when they grow up
to full maturity. Normally, the pods of beans are considered to be fully
matured when the leaves of the plants dry up and start falling. The size of the
pod by the time of their full maturity can vary from 3-4 inch to 12-14 inch
depending upon the season you have grown them or the variety of seeds used
Green bush beans can be harvested nearly 50-80 days after
planting them. The size of the beans at the time of harvesting them can vary
according to their use. If you want to eat them as a green vegetable, then you
should not allow them to become yellowish in color as it can reduce the yield
of the plant along with affecting their taste. Green beans should be picked up
frequently to maximize their output as well as quality.
If you want to store bush beans, then you remove their pods nearly ¼ inch above the fruit while harvesting them. While removing pods, you should be careful to damage the plant. They should not be crushed if you want to harvest the crop for a longer time. These pods can be dried to store for future use. You can also freeze or can bush bean t use them in the near future.