Coffee grounds are one of the kitchen wastes and business, which can be recycled in the garden. So then, the discussion becomes how to use the coffee grounds. Using coffee grounds in the garden, basically, come down to composting. There several approaches to composting, which can be applied to coffee grounds.
The Value Of Coffee Grounds As Fertilizer
The three principal nutrients by which the value of fertilizer is typically measured are; Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K). Measured by those nutrients, Coffee grounds do have value as a fertilizer when used as compost or applied directly as a soil
The NPK Value of Coffee Grounds
Nitrogen (N):28 percent
Phosphorus (P):06 percent
Potassium (K):6 percent
How Much Coffee Grounds To Use
When using coffee grounds as compost or when applied directly as a soil amendment, the volume of coffee grounds should be limit to more than 20 percent of the soil or mix to which it is being added. This rule applies to sheet, trench, and/or postal composting.
Coffee Grounds As Mulch
Coffee grounds are generally, fine ground and easily compacted so much so that they can form a barrier not allowing air and water to pass through your mulch. For this reason, coffee grounds are generally not recommended for use as mulch.
Sources of Coffee Grounds
From you Own Kitchen
An obvious source of coffee grounds as your own kitchen, Americans tend to drink coffee nearly every day so rather than throwing your coffee grounds in the trash toss minute compost bin and use of her garden fertilizer.
From Your Local Coffee Shop Or Restaurant
If you’d like to have more coffee grounds or you’re not getting enough coffee grounds for your purpose from your own kitchen, there are several local opportunities to acquire coffee grounds. In my local area, there are coffee shops like Starbucks or on the grind from which coffee grounds can be readily obtained. As a matter of fact, I’ve seen signs in the local Starbucks saying to ask the barista for coffee grounds for your garden. However, coffee shops may be an obvious choice, but there are any number of restaurants and cities and towns which can be taken advantage of with a little creative negotiation with the owner-operators.
A large variety of things can be composted. Basically, if a thing can be decomposed (with a few practical exceptions) within a reasonable period of time, then they can be composted.
A Few Guidelines To Help The Process
smaller is better: this is true of most things relating to compost. So, chop, shred, and/or tear items into small pieces to expedite debt decomposition and the mixing of the compost heap materials.
mixing is good: too much density of any one material will slow the decomposition process, causing stratification, and make the mixing of the compost heap more difficult.
know what is done enough: Some consideration should be given to how you intend to use the compost and what is considered done enough for use. Some slowly decomposing items may only need to be aged and/or partially decomposed to be useful in the garden. For example, wood shavings can add value to the humus of the soil or as a pathway materials after only a little aging, if everything else in the compost has completely decomposed.
have multiple heaps: having at least two compost heaps and/or bins (even if small) is strongly recommended. So, you may have a heap for current use, while your old heap is finishing.
Compostable Household Items
Here are a few household items which can be composted:
office paper (shredded)
old newspapers (non-glossy)
Wood ash (cooled and out)
cardboard (non-glossy or coated)
paper towels (including center cardboard tube)
paper bags (shredded)
egg cartons (made of uncoated paper or cardboard)
kitchen fruit and vegetable scraps
teabags and coffee grounds (including paper filters)
old houseplants and potting soil (if not diseased)
Compostable Yard And Barn Items
Many yard and barn wastes can be composted. A few, which come to mind are:
grass cutting (not treated with herbicide)
autumn leaves (best if mixed with other materials, especially, animal manures)
old straw and hay (broken up into small sections)
livestock manure (chicken, rabbit, cow, horse)
sawdust and wood shavings (smaller pieces are better)
tree and brush waste (chopped small)
old lumber (free of nails and paint; chopped small)
Items to Exclude From The Compost Heap
Certain items need to be excluded from the compost heap to ensure proper compost culture, avoid unwanted orders, avoid attracting unwanted pests and/or to keep the compost from being detrimental to the soil culture.