Many types of people find canning an enjoyable and useful hobby. It preserves food that protects the hard work of gardeners so they can enjoy the fruit (and vegetables) of their labor all year round. It is also a useful skill for emergency preparedness, as properly preserved food can be eaten years later without the risk of bacteria, as long as it is not spoiled. Below, you’ll find a guide to food safety of your canned fruit and vegetables, including storage advice and how to inspect food for signs of spoilage before eating it.

Proper Storage for Preserved Foods

The average amount of time canned goods should be stored is between 12 and 18 months. However, there are many factors that affect freshness. Here’s a look at them:

Creating a Proper Seal

One of the most important things for canned good storage is creating a proper seal on the jar. While you can use cleaned jars, experts typically recommend that you buy new seal lids every time that you use a jar for canning. Metal breaks down over time and can create rust, which disrupts the pH balance of canned foods.

Storing in a Cool, Dark Environment

If you let your canned goods sit out in the sun or expose them to heat, it is going to change the composition of the jar. The materials may break down more and speed up the decay process. While this does not always mean that it will grow bacteria, it does mean that the food loses its freshness faster.

Before you store the goods, you should always label them clearly. Use a marker that is not going to wipe off easily. Write the name of the food, the date it was prepared, and the date it should be eaten by. Then, store the foods in a cool area with a temperature around 72-degrees Fahrenheit. Dark pantries or cellars are best for home canned goods.

Preparing the Fruit and Vegetables

To prepare your produce items, you should start by canning them when they are fresh. The heating process involved in canning causes fruit and vegetables to soften. If they are already over ripened, this can cause them to become unpleasantly mushy. Older vegetables are also less likely to be healthy.

Once you have picked the produce at peak ripeness, they should be properly cleaned and cut for canning. Wash foods using a solution of vinegar and water. Let them dry and any remaining odor from the vinegar wash will dissipate. Then, trim off any bad spots, roots, or other inedible parts. If you do not properly clean and trim the fruit and vegetables, it is more likely that the food will spoil because of an increased microbial load.

Another part of proper preparation is preparing a solution for canning. It is not uncommon for vegetables to be stored in salt water and fruit to be stored in simple syrup. There are different recipes for light, medium, and heavy syrup. There is also an option of adding other spices or mixing certain fruits or vegetables. However, you should always be sure the liquid and seasonings you use do not affect the pH balance too much.

Proper Processing of Home Canned Goods

Proper processing is also important. You cannot check the temperature or pH balance once the jars have been sealed. To prevent the spread of bacteria, you must have enough ‘headspace’ between the top of the jar and the level of the food. The headspace is different depending on what you are canning. It is also important to process the canned goods for the recommended amount of time—it is the high heat generated during the canning process that kills botulism bacteria. 

Using recipe guides from reputable sources is a good way to learn more about the specifics of canning. You’ll learn how to adjust headspace depending on what you are canning and how to process the ingredients. There are two common methods—the hot water bath method and the pressure canning method. The method you use depends on what you are canning. You also have to prepare different solutions, since some foods are naturally more acidic foods. Foods with low acidity are more likely to be infected with botulism.

If you ever have questions about a recipe, look at the USDA website. The United States Department of Agriculture provides guidelines on canning. This includes a list of various fruit, vegetables and other preparations of home canned goods that describes the process that can be used for safe canning.

Something else that people sometimes forget to consider is the contents of the jar. If you overload a jar with fruit or vegetables, it will be harder for it to reach the proper temperature. Pack produce loosely to ensure all the ingredients become warm enough to kill botulism and other bacteria.

What Type of Canning Should I Use?

The two safe canning processes are hot water bath canning and pressure canning. Hot water bath canning involves placing the jars in a hot water bath. It is bets for high acid foods, including pie fillings, sauces, tomatoes, salsa, jellies and jams, relishes and pickles, vinegars, fruits, condiments, and fruit juices. Pressure canning is best for low-acid foods that are more susceptible to botulism, including certain salsas, chili, poultry, meats, vegetables, and seafood.

Testing the pH levels of canning liquid is the easiest way to know if you should use the hot water bath method or pressure canning. High-acid foods are those with a pH level of 4.6 or less. Anything with a pH greater than 4.6 should be processed using a pressure canner.

How Long Can I Store Home Canned Fruit and Vegetables?

The United States Department of Agriculture recommends all canned fruit and vegetables be consumed within one year after processing. This is the safest timeframe for avoiding bacteria, especially for low acidity food. Of course, foods have different shelf lives, depending on the acidity. Some guidelines recommend eating within 18 months. By properly preparing and storing foods, they will last longer.

Why Are Improperly Stored or Expired Canned Goods Unsafe?

When a canned good is exposed to air or becomes compromised, it can result in the foodborne illness botulism. Botulism thrives in conditions where there is no oxygen, low levels of acidity, and temperatures between 40 and 120 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the reason that canned goods are exposed to temperatures above 250 degrees when they are sealed in the jars. Any food and air inside are trapped once the jar is sterilized. As long as the seal remains intact, the food remains free from bacteria.

Botulism is incredibly dangerous. The symptoms begin between 12 and 36 hours after eating the bacteria, though the onset depends on how much of the toxin was eaten. The most common symptoms of botulism include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Difficulty speaking or swallowing
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Abdominal cramps, nausea, and vomiting
  • Drooping eyelids
  • Facial weakness on both sides of the face
  • Paralysis

If you experience these symptoms, it is important to seek medical intervention immediately. An antitoxin is generally injected to counteract the effects of the botulism bacteria on the nervous system. Without this toxin being deactivated, it can cause respiratory failure. Fortunately, the survival rate is very high in developed countries.

How Do I Know if Canned Goods are Spoiled?

Canning is meant as a type of preserving. It slows the rate that fruit and vegetables decay. The best way to know if a home canned item is spoiled is to inspect the jar. Since you cannot see, smell, or taste botulism, your best defense is inspecting the jar it is in. You should let the jar sit out for 12-24 hours before storing it in the pantry or cupboard. Then, press down on the center of the lid—it should not pop up or indent inward.

To be sure the canned goods are good when you take them out, you can also press down on the center of the lid. If there are any cracks or leaks, or if it looks like the lid is bulging, you should not eat the food inside the jar. There may also be obvious signs that the food is bad, including foam on the top of the food, spurting liquid when you open the jar, a bad odor, or the appearance of mold or discoloration. You should also avoid eating food that appears mushier or less fresh than when you canned it. If you are ever unsure, it is better to throw the food out than risk getting sick.

Canning fruit and vegetables at home has many benefits. However, to avoid exposure to dangerous botulism bacteria, it is important canned goods are stored safely. You should always be sure to label your canned goods clearly and eat them within 12-18 months of preserving. Being aware of the signs of damaged or contaminated food can also help you avoid eating dangerous bacteria.

Related References

Top 5 Ways to Preserve and Store Your Garden Harvest

Garden Vegetables
Garden Vegetables

There is always a special feeling attached to planting in a garden, seeing it grow, harvesting, preserving, storing, and then enjoying the fruits of your hard work. The periods where you have more great yields from your garden harvest are indeed a blessing, but for you to enjoy your garden produce all year round you need to learn to preserve them. Food Preservation and storage is fast becoming somewhat of a lost art, and it is quite embarrassing. Our great-grandmothers and grandmas all witnessed the basic economic movements and placed real value in learning and teaching food preservation to their daughters to take similar actions.

Some may be of the view that such skills are not as significant in this modern era, but I believe self-sufficiency is at all times very important. What necessary actions you take when you see an excellent deal at farmers marketplace or the grocery store? What is your response like when you get offers for agreement on a bushel of the harvest that always gets your attention in one way or another? What steps do you take when you get a bountiful harvest of green beans, berries, and others? There is only so much of any one food you can eat before you start losing your appetite or it begins to go wrong. If you know much about preserving your garden harvest, you can apply it and use your preserved produce all year round. Learning to protect and store your garden harvest is a practical skill we all need to utilize.

Dry Pack Frozen Strawberries
Dry Pack Frozen Strawberries

Freeze your Harvest

An excellent place to begin preserving and storing your garden harvest is by freezing it. Freezing is a unique way of storing fruits such as berries and peaches that have short lifespan especially once they are ripe. It is quite comfortable and straightforward, and anybody can do it. All you need do is cook your harvest into some preferred freezer friendly meals, or wash and blanch them before preserving them by freezing. Blanching veggies are essential for the reason that it stops enzymatic action (preserving color, flavor, texture) and eliminates bacteria.

The only real drawback of freezing is that you have a limited amount of space in your freezer. You can also develop the habit of placing labels (with dates) on frozen food as well. By taking this step, you would know the content before pulling it out to defrost and how long you preserved it in there. The following fruits freeze particularly well:

  • Blanched apples and beans (including runner and French)
  • Blueberries
  • Cranberries
  • Gooseberries
  • Peas
  • Rhubarb
  • Raspberries

Homemade Jam
Homemade Jam

Can your Harvest

Canning is amongst the most useful ways to preserving food. Most of us still have memories of our grannies canning fruits and vegetables. It is almost a lost skill that needs reviving. There are two known canning approaches:

  • Pressure Canning. And
  • Water Bath Canning.

The water bath canning is safer for most produce like fruits and jams. Nevertheless, if you wish to can meat or low-acidic veggies like green beans, you will be required to make use of pressure canning to make sure the preserving is safe. If you live in areas with considerable altitude, you also are expected to pressure can.

Everything you make can be canned, from chili and green beans to peas and pie filling too. Canning is feasibly most splendid due to its zero-space requirement in your freezer or fridge. You can also store canned foods in your basement, pantry, root cellar, or on kitchen shelves. Heck, you can preserve canned foods underneath the spare bed if you do not have enough space! Properly canned food lasts a lot more than any other means of preservation or storage.  Canning offers a great way to preserve your garden harvest and feeding your home.

If you have not done the canning process before, it is best you learn from trusted guidelines available. One of the things to bear in mind with the canning process is that higher levels of heat can affect part of the nutritious content of your canned food. So, it is worth discovering other food preservation and storing types.

Jars of Dehydrated Fruit
Jars of Dehydrated Fruit

Dehydrate your Harvest

If you lack enough space for storage, you can also consider dehydrating your food. You even can begin by making use of your oven pre-configured to its minimum level. Try drying some slices of apple, cereal, or any other food type you use in baking all through the year. You can make further exploration and make fun finger food like fruit leather, kale chips, and even dried vegetables that you can use in making soup.

Pickled Vegetables
Pickled Vegetables

Pickle  your Harvest

Another old-fashioned favorite, this method preserves and stores food by pickling it. When you hear somebody say “pickling” veggies, it at most times often implies they are keeping the vegetables in vinegar. Due to vinegar’s acetic acid constituent (should be no less than 5%), several sources say that produce conserved in it do not require to be chilled. Pickling involves dipping them in salt water made from salt, sugar, water, and other pickling spices. You also can make use of fresh leaves by inserting them in vinegar, then letting them stay close to 2 months in the dark. At this stage, you can strain them out and leave a pleasing flavored vinegar which you can use in dressings and other things.

The most frequently pickled item is obviously pickling, and it is an exceptional place to begin. But do not stop there. You can also pickle cabbage, carrots, okra, peppers, and a wider variety of other fruits and vegetables. Play with it and discover more choices you might like. Pickled plants make an excellent addition to snacks and salads all through the year. Once you begin pickling, you might just resolve to try fermentation on a bigger scale. It is a slippery slope, and you have been cautious.

Dry Beans Stored in Pantry
Dry Beans Stored in Pantry

Cold Store your Harvest

Another excellent method is the least Cold Store. It is the most straightforward means of preserving and storing food. Fruits like apples, cabbages, and root vegetables can be stored well in a cold, dark, and dry place. This storing option is the reason most houses have root cellars. Nowadays, your pantry might also be an excellent location for storing and preserving this type of product. If you are lucky to own a basement, you could smartly arrange some shelves around to keep loads of food for the coming months.


Learning a preservation and storage process for your garden harvest is vital to enjoying your hard work. Preservation and storage process for food during the harvest months are created to make your produce last long into the winter periods. Although some means might best be suited for some garden produce, you would always find a method to meet your demands. They are lots of information online relating to how to safely and adequately preserve and store your harvest. You can learn and apply such steps towards self-support and economic freedom. Learning new ways is always fun, and I can assure you would enjoy the processes involved in each of the techniques mentioned above. Yes, practice makes perfect, so whenever it is time to enjoy your garden harvest, always remember to set some aside and apply these storage techniques.

Pantry – Why buy beans in bulk?

Bulk Pinto Beans
Bulk Pinto Beans

Buy dried beans In bulk 

To save money

  • Compared to meat, beans are an economical source of protein. This is especially true if you compare them our price per pound basis.
  • Also, because of their room temperature storage potential, you can buy more at one time and store them longer without the need for refrigeration or freezing. So, you can take more advantage of sales and seasonal availability.

For Long-term storage

  • dry beans, also known as pulses, can be stored at normal room temperatures for years and still retain their nutritional value.

For Nutritional value

  • beans are a convenient source of protein and can be combined with other vegetables and foods to provide a holistic protein source.
  • Beans have a low cholesterol rating, basically, nonexistent.

Provide food Versatility

  • beans are very versatile, being only really limited by your creativity and your cooking capabilities.
  • Almost all beans, if properly prepared, can be used in soups, stews, and chilis
  • beans can be ground and added to other flours to increase the protein levels of baked goods
  • beans can be a centerpiece of a meal all on their own. For example, cattle beans with cornbread could be the centerpiece of a nice breakfast or lunch. As a matter of fact, I like cattle beans and cornbread for breakfast.

Reduce wastage

  • with a little bit of planning and care, beans can be worked into nearly any meal.
  • Depending on how they were cooked, beans can even be reprocessed and use an entirely different way. For example, cattle beans can be turned into refried beans.  Refried beans can become the filler for bean and cheese burritos and the list goes on.
  • Because beans can be cooked and eaten and as large and small quantities as is necessary, you can control the portion you cook and/or allocate across meals.

Pantry Essentials – Why you should consider Box Milk

Box Milk On Pantry Shelf
Milk On Pantry Shelf

Box milk is not something you with likely think of as a pantry item, however, it is an excellent pantry item.  Box milk is healthy, wholesome, and keeps for months at room temperature within the ‘Best Used By’ date.  Additionally, keeping a supply a properly maintained box milk in your pantry will reduce the need to make trips to the grocery store to replace refrigerator milk.

How to Use Box Milk

Box milk can be used for numerous purposes in the home and in the kitchen.  Not only can you drink it, put it on your cereal, and use it in your cooking, but we also use it to make homemade yogurt and certain types of gelatins.

Storage of Box Milk

Storage Unopened In the pantry

You do need to be sure that you apply the FIFO stock rotation rules to ensure that your box note use used the force boils to prevent waste.  Also, inspecting your box milk helps you keep an eye on it to ensure you are using it in a timely manner.  Additionally,  wherever you choose to store your box milk ( pantry, root cellar, kitchen cabinet) a consistent moderate should be maintained, otherwise, the milk’s shelf life may become compromised.  This is especially true of freezing and frequent large temperature changes.

Once opened in the refrigerator

Once opened box milk should be stored in the refrigerator at around 33 to 41 degrees Fahrenheit. The milk should be consumed with about 3 to 5 days from the date it was opened.

How long does unopened box milk last

Shelf life can vary depending upon many factors, such as, from production date to time of purchase.  Box milk, if properly cared for can be safely stored for several months. Basically, I would use the ‘Best Used By’ date and apply the FIFO rules based on the ‘Best Used By’ date, not the date of purchase.

Related References

What is FIFO and how it applies to pantry?

First In, First Out (FIFO) Pantry Stock Rotation
First In, First Out (FIFO) Pantry Stock Rotation

My family has been practicing the FIFO method of panty and root cellar stock management since before I know what it was.   My grandmother and mother before me were both very attentive to the organization of our shelves and the age of our foods, nowadays commonly known as the ‘use by date’ and commercial grocery items.   Particularly, as we managed many pantry and root cellar item across multiple years.  Property canned fruits, vegetables, and meats can be stored and consumed for several years.  This is also true for some dried foods from the garden, fields, or even from local foragings, such as dried fruit (apples, apricots, plums), cereals (e.g. corn, wheat, barley), legumes (beans, bean britches, cowpeas) and so on.

What is FIFO?

First in, First out (FIFO) is an inventory management system in which, the first (or oldest ) stock is used first and the stock which has most recently been produced (canned, dried, etc.) and/or received (e.g. purchased) is only used after older items have been consumed. This ensures that the oldest stock is used first and reduces the costs and losses from spoilage.  This rule should also be applied to your freezer and refrigerator, as well.

How to implement FIFO in your pantry and/or root cellar

Implementing the basics are simple enough.  You really need to pay attention to a few things and be consistent.

  • Store items in the same place, and put newer items behind older items, moving older items forward (please see diagram above), on the shelf or wherever you stored  them
  • Make sure you store only undamaged items and properly prepared items
  • That you understand the relative shelve life of your pantry and root cellar stocks.  Even within a class of food, some items have shorter shelf lives than others.  For example, a cold stored acorn squash will, usually, only store a few months (3 or 4), where a butternut or neck pumpkin may last as long as a year.
  • That you plan your meals and canning schedules in a way that takes into account when foods are likely to spoil and how much of a given food your family can and/or will eat in a given period of time.

Cool Storage of Winter Squash and Pumpkins

Cool Storage of Winter Squash and Pumpkins
Winter Squash on a shelf

Cool Storage

Perhaps, the better and most cost-effective way to keep winter squash and pumpkins is cool storage.  For cool storage to be effective the fruit must be consistently stored above freezing and the germination temperature.  Please note, Not all squash store equally well.  With that said, I have stored some varieties a winter squash so long that we have had to eat them just to make room for the New Year’s harvest.

For best results:

  • cure in warm area squash or pumpkins for a week to 10 days,
  • clean off dirt with a damp soft cloth,
  • with a second clean soft cloth wash with 1 cup vinegar to one gallon of water, and allow the skin to dry completely before storage.
  • Store in a cool (40-550 F), dry place to prevent shrivel, lose weight, and to postpone spoilage as long as possible.
  • Position the fruit so that the fruit is not touching one another and so that air can flow freely around the fruit.
  • I recommend placing as many of the fruit where they can be easily seen, for easy inspection for signs for an impending loss. The sweetness and quality of squash or pumpkins often improve, if cured for 2 to 4 weeks, or more in storage.

Where to Store Squash and Pumpkins

where to store your squash is a little less important provided the required temperatures can be maintained. Some of the more common places are root cellars, pantries, basements. Just about any place with a cool constant temperature within the ranges required will do. However, it’s best if it’s a place that’s convenient and semi-protected. You don’t want your squash to be damaged by kids playing or by having to crawl over them to get to something important which might beast stored above are behind them. Perhaps, my favorite throughout the years has been the root cellar I grew up with them in Oregon and I’ve long appreciated their value for storing vegetables of all types including winter squash for long periods of time to do the harshest weather during winter. I have, in places like Virginia and Minnesota, used the basement of the home in which I lived. Pantries can be a little more problematic for a couple of reasons. First, having sufficient space to store all the pumpkins and squash growing volumes at my gardens produce. Second, my pantries are usually attached to the house and tend not to read to retain a constant cool temperature.

Is your storage location too warm?

The best way to tell if your storage location is too warm, other than a thermometer, is that when you break open the squash, if you see seeds that have sprouted, then your storage area is too warm the seeds are germinating.