With the cooler weather of fall upon us, it is time to
conder moving our gardening efforts indoors, which make growing microgreens an
But what to grow as microgreens?
Considering most garden vegetables and herbs can be grown as
Microgreens, the options are many. So, which microgreens to grow for your
family depends on what your family eats regularly, and Your family’s taste preferences.
Most Common Types oF Microgreens
The broad type of microgreens (listed below in family
groups) Should provide the basics of what
kind of taste the microgreens will have, and the growing conditions the type of
The Amaranthaceae family includes amaranth,
beets, chard, quinoa, and spinach.
Amaryllidaceae family includes chives, garlic,
leeks, and onions.
The Apiaceae family includes carrot, celery,
dill, cilantro, and fennel.
The Asteraceae family includes chicory, endive,
lettuce, and radicchio.
The Brassicaceae family includes arugula,
broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, radish, and watercress.
The Cucurbitaceae family includes
cucumbers, melons, pumpkins, and squashes.
The Lamiaceae family includes the most common
herbs like mint, basil, rosemary, sage, and oregano.
The Poaceae family includes grasses and cereals
like barley, corn, rice, oats, and wheatgrass.
The Poaceae family also includes in legumes,
including beans, chickpeas, and lentils.
Seed tapes are products designed
with seeds perfectly attached between narrow strips of biodegradable tissue
layers, which are ready for planting in both the garden and house. They are
ideal for sowing in containers, large empty garden plots, as well as fill-ins
in tighter areas.
The seeds are applied at the correct
distance along the tapes to reduce overcrowding of newly germinated seedlings.
The tapes can consist of a single variety, custom mixtures, and multiple
species of seeds. You can find products with flower, vegetable, and herb seeds
embedded into them.
What are the
Advantages of Seed Tapes?
Provide an easy and efficient way to
plant tiny seeds quickly.
Seeds are planted at the same depth
allowing for a more uniform germination rate.
Seed tapes enable you to space
plants evenly and eliminate seed wastage. This helps avoid overcrowding that
may call for thinning of young seedlings, which is a tedious and time-consuming
Less thinning also means less
disturbance to the root of plants left in your garden. Otherwise, you risk
delaying or inhibiting the growth and even performance of the plants.
Prevents birds from eating the fresh
seeds that you sow.
Makes the sowed seeds less
susceptible to wash away in a downpour and ruining the evenly spaced rows.
Almost all the seed tape products
are biodegradable and considered to be environmental-friendly.
Very convenient for senior
gardeners, particularly those suffering from arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome,
or other mobility complications.
What are the types
of Seed tapes?
Seed tapes are one of the most
common types, which are ideal for growing most vegetable seed varieties,
salads, as well as flower seeds. They are usually available in different
lengths, especially between one to six meters. However, it is possible to have
the garden vegetable seed tapes produced in specific lengths to suit your
unique gardening needs. Also, the seed tapes can come as a single track
containing one variety of seeds or multiple tracks with different seed
Seed discs are designed in different
sizes. You’ll find smaller and larger seed discs. With smaller seed discs, the
diameter often ranges from 8cm to 12 cm, a size that easily fits most typical
flowerpots. They are perfectly suited for sowing herbs indoor, such as in the
kitchen or windowsills.
The larger discs, on the other hand,
range from 14cm to 46cm in diameter. You can use them for sowing seeds in
outdoor pots, as well as hanging containers or baskets.
If you want to sow seeds in big
planters, garden borders or window boxes, then seeds mats are a great option.
With seed mats, you can easily produce a great color display of stunning
bedding plants. Well, good examples of such plants include marigolds and pansies.
The size of seed mats vary. Often
than not, you’ll find mats available in the size of a small business card and
up to 100cm in length.
Seeds carpets are suitable for
planting salads, mixed vegetables, and wildflower fusions in large borders or
other large garden areas. They are simply ready-made “mini-gardens” or
“allotments,” which are usually one meter or larger in length.
How to Use Seed
It’s an incredibly easy process.
First off, you’ll need to prepare the soil for planting, just like you would
with any new seedbed. Once you have a weed-free garden bed, it’s often
recommended to follow the guidelines on the package of the seed tapes, discs,
carpets, or mats.
In most cases though, you’ll be
required to place the seed tapes in a straight line on the soil using the
proper rowing space. After that, gently cover it with the top layer soil and
then water the area. However, you should avoid prolonged watering after sowing.
If the soil has not been moistened
by Mother Nature, consider watering it several hours before sowing. But don’t
make the garden bed sopping wet.
Where to buy Seed
You can find the different types of
seed tapes we’ve discussed above at most local garden centers or nurseries, DIY
stores, and grocery stores. Alternatively, you can just buy from reputable online
Distinctive, blue-green circular leaves are held up on fleshy stems. These annuals come in a variety of types ranging from compact bushes to long-spreading vines. They make an eye-catching addition to any garden. In addition, they have large attractive blooms that range in color from palest yellows, pinks, and apricots to deep, rich yellows, oranges, and burgundy. The vining types are great in hanging planters, window boxes, or for use on trellises and fences.
Ease of care:
How to grow:
Plant in full sun to partial shade in average to poor, moist soil.
By seed in late spring. They’re large and can be planted individually where the plants are going to grow
Aphids love nasturtiums, so be on the lookout for them.
Fresh leaves and flowers-salads
Fresh flowers-floral arrangements
Unripe seeds and flower buds-pickled for salads
Pickle unripe seeds in vinegar and use them in salads.
The apricots are a fine addition to a home growing repertoire. Apricot trees can be grown as fans, bushes or pyramid-shaped examples, or left to grow to a natural shape. Dwarf varieties are available which can be grown in containers, small space in the landscape, or trained along walls so that apricot trees can be suitable for even the very smallest of gardens.
Choosing an Apricot Tree
If you choose a self-fertile, you will only need to buy one apricot tree, which can crop without a partner tree. It is important to choose an apricot tree suited to the exact conditions where you live. The crucial factor is when the tree will blossom. Apricots tend to bloom early, so can be prone to frost damage if there is a danger of a late frost in your area. Bryan, Hungarian and Moorpark Apricots could all be good options for zone 8 in Texas.
Planting an Apricot Tree
Apricot trees will grow best in sunny, wind and frost sheltered, locations. They like a deep, moisture retentive, well drained and ideally slightly alkaline soil and will struggle in shallow soils which have low fertility. Be sure to space your Apricot trees according to the space requirements of the variety you have chosen. Generally, I like to add two feet to the spacing to provide clearance for picking and maintenance. Mulch the trees with rich compost or well-rotted manure in March and early April. Mulch will help to fertilize and keep down competitive weeds.
Caring For an Apricot Tree
Newly-planted Apricot trees will need deep watering during their first spring and summer so they can establish themselves. For best fruit production deep water when the fruits begin to set and grow. Mature trees may also need to be watered if there are drought conditions.
If your tree is cropping heavily, then you should thin apricots to around 8-10 cm intervals when they are roughly the size of hazelnuts. You may also wish to prune for shape and size at the same time.
Apricots require insects for pollination. If there are not enough insects around yet when the tree breaks into bloom, then you may need to pollinate by hand to achieve the best possible yield. Better still is to encourage pollinators into your garden by companion planting apricot trees with a beneficial guild of plants that can help gather nutrients and which will attract bees and other pollinators to your yard.
Apricots will be ready to harvest in late June through August. The Apricots are ready to pick when the fruits have a golden-yellow color, are soft, and detach easily from the tree. Take care when harvesting to avoid bruising the delicate fruits and the immediate consumption or preservation of the fruit is strongly recommended. Apricots can be used in preserves, a whole range of delicious desserts, and dehydrated as a healthy treat.
Peaches are such attractive trees and have such delicious fruit – no wonder they are a favorite with many gardeners in the climate zone. Peaches are a delicious, fresh taste of the summer and there is nothing better than being able to pick these juicy fruits from your garden.
Choosing a Peach Tree
Most peaches are self-fertile and so will not require a companion tree to fruit. However, you may wish to consider choosing different peach varieties to be able to harvest these delicious fruits over a longer period. Peaches that do well in zone 8 gardens include Gulf Crimson, Early Golden Glory, Bicentennial, Sentinel, Redglobe, Milam, and Fayette. Ask your local garden center, master gardener or agriculture extension office for other examples of peach trees that will do best where you live.
Planting a Peach Tree
Peach trees will require a sheltered site in full sun. Moisture-Retentive and yet well-drained soil is best. Be very careful to avoid planting in a frost pocket or a windy or exposed location, as peaches blossom early and so can be damaged by late frosts in some areas.
Caring For a Peach Tree
The first year after planting It is important to deepwater your peach tree to ensure that the roots do not dry out. During the growing season, you should deepwater regularly, and during periods of extreme heat, you may need to water more frequently. Use of a drip irrigation system is strongly recommended. A good layer of compost and two to four inches deep mulch will help to retain soil moisture and will help feed your tree.
Underplanting with a beneficial guild of companion plants will also help with soil cover and moisture retention, as well as aiding your peach tree by attracting pollinators and other beneficial insects to your garden.
Prune your tree as required for shaping and size requirements. Pruning aims to replace fruited wood with new growth. Peaches mostly grow on the previous year’s growth.
When fruits appear, these should be thinned to give a final spacing between fruits of around 15 cm. Remove any small or misshapen fruits when they are around the size of your fingernail. Keep an eye on fruits and if necessary, protect them from birds and other wildlife.
Peaches should be ready to harvest between July and September depending upon weather and the variety of peach. Peaches are ready to pick when they are fully colored, and the flesh close to the branch stem feels soft. Cradle each fruit in the palm of your hand and then lift gently. You will need to harvest over more than once as the peach become individually ripe, as not all the peaches will develop and ripen at once; especially if you have planted different varieties. Do not leave picked fruits uneaten or unpreserved too long. Peaches are most nutritious and flavorful used immediately after harvest.
If you do have a large harvest of peaches, you can also turn these into a range of delicious desserts, or preserves to see you through to the colder months.
One of the key skills any permaculture gardener should learn is how to create good compost. Creating a good compost is key to creating abundant, productive and sustainable permaculture gardens. If you want to be able to grow your food using permaculture principles then creating compost is one of the foundations upon which your garden will be based. This guide to composting in a permaculture garden will help you make your garden the thriving, resource-rich ecosystem that it should be.
Why Composting is Important
Composting is an important element of gardening because it allows you to adhere to the permaculture ethic of returning the surplus to the system. It allows you to eliminate waste, and make full use of the natural resources at your disposal. It enables you to care for the soil of your growing areas, and to make them rich, fertile places to grow a range of fruit trees and other edible and useful plants. When you create and use compost in your garden, you are completing the natural cycles and creating systems that can endure and sustain for many years to come.
There are some different ways to create compost. The main methods used in a permaculture garden are:
Composting in Place (Sheet mulching with organic materials and allowing them to decompose on top of the soil of your growing areas.)
Cold Composting (Creating a heap or large bin in which compost is slowly created.)
Hot Composting (Creating the conditions for faster, warmer decomposition in a bin or other container.)
Vermiculture (Creating compost with the help of special worms.)
Creating Compost in a Permaculture Garden
No matter which method you are using to create your compost, the principles at play remain the same. You are taking organic materials that are considered to be ‘waste’ and creating the conditions for their decomposition. Once decomposed, the compost is used to conserve or enhance the fertility of the soil.
Creating a good compost involves a basic understanding of the different sorts of material in a compost heap. The materials are grouped into two categories – carbon-rich ‘brown’ materials and nitrogen-rich ‘green’ materials. Both types are necessary to create a good-quality compost. Brown materials include cardboard, straw, twiggy material, wood chips, and bark. Green materials include green leafy matter, grass clippings, and fruit and vegetable scraps.
To get a good mix in your compost, you should add ‘brown’ and ‘green’ materials in thin layers. Adding in thin layers allows for the right conditions for aerobic decomposition and helps to ensure that your compost does not become too wet or too dry.
In addition to thinking about getting the right mix of carbon-rich and nitrogen-rich materials in your compost, creating good compost also involves thinking about getting a good balance of the main nutrients that plants need to grow: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, as well as the various micro-nutrients needed by plant life. Adding a good mix of different ingredients to your compost will help to create compost with a good nutrient balance.
Creating compost is not rocket science. Anyone can create good, crumbly compost for use in their forest gardens or polyculture vegetable beds.