Winter Squash – Pleine de Naples

 Pleine de Naples (C. Moschata)
Pleine de Naples (C. Moschata)
DescriptionThis dark green squash (turns tan during storage) has bright orange flesh with excellent eating qualities.  Also, known as Violin, Beduin, or Carpet Bag.
GenusMoschata
GroupNeck
HeirloomYes
Year Introduced (U.S.)1863
ResistanceExcellent resistance to vine borers.
ClassificationSquash
Days To Maturity110-120
Fruit ShapeOblong-Butternut
Fruit SizeMedium to Large
Weight15 – 60 Pounds
Skin ColorDark Molted Green
HabitVining: Large – 12 to 15 feet
Seed Depth½ – 1”
Seeds Per group6-8
Seed Spacing4 -6
Space Between Hills3-4’
Day To Germination7 -14
Thin To (Plants Per hill)3
UsageEdible – Excellent food qualities. May be picked young and eaten as summer squash.
StorageVery Good Keeper
Space SaverCompanion Planting or Compact row strategy. This squash is too large to grow vertically.

Winter Squash – Thelma Sanders Acorn

Thelma Sanders Acorn Squash
Thelma Sanders Acorn Squash

A productive and delicious heirloom acorn squash, which as, deeply ridged, cream-colored acorn squash.  This is also known as the Thelma Sanders Sweet Potato.

 

ClassificationDays To MaturityFruit SizeWeightSkin ColorHabit
Squash85-956 inches½ -1 poundLight beige to pale goldVining
Seed DepthSeeds Per groupSeed SpacingSpace Between HillsDay To GerminationThin To (Plants Per hill)
½ – 1”4 – 66”4 – 6’7 – 142
SpeciesGenusYear IntroducedHeirloom
CucurbitaPepo1988No
ResistanceUnknown
FamilyAcorn
UsageEdible
StorageGood for Short-term storage only.
Space SaverThis squash is an excellent climber and is recommended for growing vertically on a lattice or fence.

Where are Pumpkins Native to?

A collection of pumpkins
A collection of pumpkins

The common species of squashes and pumpkins used by gardeners are native to the Western Hemisphere and wild varieties can occasionally be found in their native environments.

  • C. maxima – Represented by the Hubbard, Delicious, Marblehead, Boston Marrow, and Turks Turban are varieties thought to have originated in northern Argentina, near the Andes, or in certain Andean valleys. Maxima varieties like cooler climates with regular rainfall.
  • C. moschata – Represented by such varieties as butternut, Winter Crookneck Squashes, and Japanese Pie and Large Cheese Pumpkins are native to Mexico and Central America. This species prefers and tolerates hot growing conditions and longer growing seasons of the southern regions.
  • C.  pepo – Apparently originated in the same general area of Mexico and Central America as C. Maxima and is represented by Golden Acorn, Jack-Be-Little, Connecticut Field, and Delicata. Pepo varieties like cooler climates with regular rainfall.
  • C. argyrosperma –Includes many of the traditional winter squashes known as Cushaws, which have been grown since early times from Guatemala to the southwestern U.S. Members of this species are drought-tolerant and their flesh is generally paler, stringier and less sweet than other types of squash.

Can All Pumpkins and Winter Squashes Be Eaten?

Stuffed Butternut Squash On Plate
Stuffed Butternut Squash On Plate

All pumpkins and squash commonly grown in the vegetable garden or purchased in the grocery store and/or your local farmers market may be eaten, but there is a big difference among varieties, which are typically group by their most common usage:

Ornamental — Ornamentals are pumpkins and winter squashes which American children and patient parents carve just before Halloween, are grown with color, structural strength, a flat bottom, and a sturdy stem as their main attributes. Though most commonly used as decorations in the home and yard many of these squash make good eating, especially the smaller varieties which are frequently stuffed and baked or bake, then used as eatable soup bowls.

Culinary — Culinary pumpkins and winter squashes have firmer flesh and a sweeter taste and thus are used for cooking, pies, pickles, preserves, and savory dishes. There are many varieties of culinary pumpkins, and some heirloom varieties are highly prized for their taste and texture.

Competition – These pumpkins and winter squashes are grown mostly for their size, which can be really quite large 300 to 1,500 pounds are not unusual. While these varieties are eatable, their flesh is generally not as desirable for cooking and they are most frequently used for in competitions or as yard decorations.

Pumpkin – New England Pie

ClassificationDays To MaturityFruit SizeWeightSkin ColorHabitNotes
Pumpkin80 – 100Average 8″ to 12″ around5-8#Bright orange skin andLarge vines up to 12′, which 2 or 3 fruit per plant.This New England pumpkin is dependable and easy to grow, Lightly ribbed (also known as Small Sugar). They are orange globes, slightly flattened at both ends and lightly ribbed. Flesh is thick, yellow-orange, fine-grained, stringless and sweet. Makes cute mini jack-o-lanterns for Halloween.
Seed DepthSeeds Per groupSeed SpacingSpace Between HillsDay To GerminationThin To (Plants Per hill)
1″8 -102″2-3′3-73-4
SpeciesGenusYear IntroducedHeirloomResistance
CucurbitaPepoPre-1860YesUnknown
UsageEdible – Good food qualities. Superb flavor is preferred by many chefs.
StorageFair keeper
Space SaverNo Suggestions

Winter Squash – Neck Pumpkin

This forerunner of the modern-day butternut varieties is believed to have originated in Pennsylvania, U.S.A. A very old form of Butternut squash with a large long curving neck. Interior is thick rich sweet yellow-orange flesh with a nutty flavor. Grows well in the southern U.S.A.

ClassificationDays To MaturityFruit SizeWeightSkin ColorHabit
Squash100-120Average 18″ to 30″ long and 3″ to 5″ inches in width, and ending in a 9″ bulb.10 -30#smooth light-Buff/TanVines grow to 6 feet, producing 4-5 squash per plant.
Seed DepthSeeds Per groupSeed SpacingSpace Between HillsDay To GerminationThin To (Plants Per hill)
½ -1″3-43″10-12′7-141-2
SpeciesGenusYear IntroducedHeirloomResistance
CucurbitaMoschataVery Old – Date UnknownYesExcellent resistance to vine borers.
FamilyButternut
UsageEdible – Very good food qualities.
StorageGood keeper
Space SaverPick young and use as summer squash.

Winter Squash – Long Island Cheese

Long Island Cheese (C. Moschata)
Long Island Cheese (C. Moschata)

One of the oldest cultivated moschatas in the U.S.A. Medium-large size and flattened shape and smooth heavily ribbed tanned skin (suggest a wheel of cheese), having a slender woody stem, and deep orange, moderately sweet flesh. Not very prolific but one of our favorite baking varieties. Grows well in the south.

Classification Days
To Maturity
Fruit Size Weight Skin Color Habit Notes
Squash 71-105 Average 8″ to 12″ long and 3″ to 5″ inches in width 6-10 lbs Ribbed, buff/Tan colored Large vines up to 12′, which 2 or 3 fruit per plant. One of the oldest cultivated moschatas in the U.S.A. Medium-large size and flattened shape and smooth heavily ribbed tanned skin (suggest a wheel of cheese), having a slender woody stem, and deep orange, moderately sweet flesh. Not very prolific but one of our favorite baking varieties. Grows well in the south.
Seed Depth Seeds Per group Seed Spacing Space Between Hills Day To Germination Thin To
(Plants Per hill)
½ -1″ 6-8 3″ 10-12′ 10-14 2-3
Species Genus Year Introduced Heirloom Resistance
Cucurbita Moschata 1824 Yes Excellent resistance to vine borers.
Usage Edible – Excellent food qualities
Storage Good Keeper
Space Saver No Suggestions